THE FLAG OF PADUKA PANGIYAN INCHI JAMILA, THE MOTHER OF THE SULTAN OF SULU JAMALUL KIRAM II .
A SULU SULTANA 'S WORK
Ruler's mother had made a flag with her own hands.
SHE COPIED THE STANDARD
Royal assumption of largest star in the field shows dangerous lack of modesty.
Jolo Island of Sulu, Aug. 10. - The Sultana Dowager * as we might call the mother of the reigning Sultan of Sulu Archipelago, has shown an unexpected pratical side of her character lately by actually making with her own hands a copy of the royal standard of Sulu.
The flag is red and the field carrying the five stars in blue. These two colors appear in many different shades. The four small stars in the blue field are the four pricipal tribes of Sulu, while the central and largest star is for the Sultan himself. .........
...In the lower left-hand section of the Sultan's flag are two implements of warfare, the upper one , white in color on the red body of the flag, represents one of the barongs, or huge knives almost universally carried in peace as well as in war, while the lower, also white in color in the flag, is a section of a spearhead, which implement is only used in fighting and in the chase...... .
Foreign correspondence of New York Times
october 8, 1899
* Sultana Dowager = Paduka Pangiyan Inchi Jamila..
From : The New York Times
published june 2, 1901
FLAG OF THE SULTANATE OF SULU
Flag of the Sultanate of Sulu , image from the book of Sixto Orosa:" The Sulu archipelago and its people"published in 1923.This is the first known image of a moro battle flag with a barung ,kris and spear . Before 1914 circa , all the moro battle flag have the kris and spear only.
For same people the kris on the flag was the symbol of the Kiram Family, the Barung of the Shakirullah Family and the budjak of for the Maharajah Adinda Family; we don't have any strong evidence on this matter ... .
This flag was the flag of the legitimate Sultan of Sulu and his personal standard so it's obvious that the symbols on the flag were the personal symbols of the Sultan only, not the symbols of other claimers.
SULU SULTANATE FLAG OR SULU PANJI
Sulu Sultanate flag measures 25” wide and 60” (5 ft.) long. The upper section has 3 stars. The bottom red section has Budjak and a Kalis design sewn on patches. To one side is a white rectangular area w/ 4 stars and a crescent moon in the middle. There is a 2”x3” grey color repair patch.
The flag is kept in a private collection of Mr. Edwin Bautist
SULU FLAG OR PANJI FLAG
This flag was donated by Mr. Robert A. Harris in january 20, 1948 to an american museum, the flag measures are 15" x 6 1/2".
It is the same flag drawn on this web site (Sulu flag 7 )
DETAILS OF THE SQUARE WITH STARS , CRESCENT, KALIS AND BUDJAK
SULU SULTANATE PANJI
SULU SULTANATE FLAG
This flag at present is in U.S.A. In a private collection of Mr. Jose' A. , a filipino-american researcher and collector.
On the Eastern Daily Mail and Straits Morning Advertiser, ( 7 February 1906, Page 2 )
appeared the following article describing the flag of the Sultan of Sulu:
A WEIRD MALAY STANDARD.
PRESENTED TO MR. BRYAN.
Mr. Wm. J. Bryan was presented with an exact copy of the Sultan of Sulu's official flag when he visited his country. The body of the flag is red which is supposed to represent the antagonism of the bloodthirsty Moros.
There is a white border around he flag which represents the hearts of the advisers of the Sultan, being indicative of their purity, honesty and integrity.
The bluefield,emblematic of the heavens is set with five white stars representing the basic principles of the Mohameddan religion.
The first star denoted there is but one true God and Mohamet is his prophet; another denoted paying of tithes; two others fasting and praying and the fifth star, which was added tothe flag in 1898 represents his pilgrimage to Mecca.
On the red background are emblems depicting the kris and spear, the weapons with which Mohameddanism was introduced into the world.
MORO BOATS WITH AMERICAN FLAGS AND SULU SULTANATE FLAGS, JOLO 1901
From the book of Samuel K. Tan : "SURAT SUG - Letters from the Sultanate of Sulu "
Letter No. 59 pg. 173.
... " i passed by Siasi. we were in several vintas . the banners used by my companions were american flags, but the companions in the vintas of my women used my flags as symbol of my person for recognition by my subjects. ...."
.... " After reaching Balimbing i sent Adala to the Governor in Bongao.I told him that i would like to meet with him. He received the message well and hence requested me for cows for the food of his people.The heart was glad to hear such word and we proceeded .Upon our arrival , i was met in his boat and treated well until i boarded my own vinta. as soon as i was in my vessel i was sent word to surrender my flags . Even if i asked for delay to allow me to contact you. If it meant i did wrong to you and i should surrender all my flags. I was not allowed to delay and had to surrender them (the flags ) to